In the years before Antigua and Barbuda's independence, Standard English was widely spoken in preference to Antiguan Creole. They paddled to the island by canoe (piragua) from present-day Venezuela, pushed out by the Carib, another indigenous people. Most of Antigua’s inhabitants live in St. John’s.
 The island rapidly developed as a profitable sugar colony. For the islands of the sovereign state, see, Country in the Leeward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean.
The ethnic distribution consists of 91% Black & Mulatto, 4.4% mixed race, 1.7% White, and 2.9% other (primarily East Indian and other Asian).  The name Waladli comes from the indigenous inhabitants and means approximately "our own". The Antiguan racer is among the rarest snakes in the world. , Since there is no appeal to the WTO from an Arbitration panel of this kind, it represents the last legal word from the WTO on the matter. Sugar became Antigua's main crop in about 1674, when Christopher Codrington (c 1640-1698) settled at Betty's Hope plantation. A professional team was formed in 2011, Antigua Barracuda FC, which played in the USL Pro, a lower professional league in the USA. Gaston Browne defeated his predecessor Lester Bryant Bird at the Antigua Labour Party's biennial convention in November 2012 held to elect a political leader and other officers. 99-1012, "Stanford Financial charged with 'massive' fraud", "U.S. agents enter Stanford Financial Houston office", "Billionaire Stanford Charged With Fraud", "SEC Charges Stanford Financial in $8B Fraud", "Stanford International Bank Said to Bar Withdrawals Amid Probe", "Top Stanford official Laura Pendergest-Holt charged with obstruction", "New SEC Complaint Says Stanford Ran Ponzi Scheme", "Offshore bank placed under receivership", "Scotiabank announces new partnership, selling banks in the Eastern Caribbean", "Calvin Ayre still living it up in Antigua", Alex Rose, "Berlusconi, Antigua, Report, Question Marks", "Antigua and Barbuda: Murder rate higher than in New York – Scotsman.com News", "Eric Clapton to auction guitars to benefit drug recovery cente – Aggielife", "Antigua recaptures its reputation for chic – International Herald Tribune", "Chimamanda in town for Fidelity Creative Workshop", "Dr. Fred Olsen, Industrial Chemist, Art Collector and Scholar, is Dead", "Richie Richardson cricket academy at Antigua", "CaribbeanCricket.com – The Independent Voice of West Indies Cricket", "The FABULOUS Homes, Planes, And Other Toys Of Oprah Winfrey", South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antigua&oldid=985413918, 1632 establishments in the British Empire, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2011, All articles needing additional references, Vague or ambiguous geographic scope from January 2020, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2015, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Articles to be expanded from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Antigua was one of the first nations to legalize, license, and regulate online gambling and is a primary location for incorporation of online gambling companies. While Nelson was stationed on Antigua, he frequently visited the nearby island of Nevis, where he met and married a young widow, Fanny Nisbet, who had previously married the son of a plantation family on Nevis. English is the official language. Fun things to do: rainforest canopy tours, diving, off-road tours as well as its fascinating and central place in recent Caribbean history through visits to the National Parks such as at English Harbour & Nelsonâs Dockyard. Antigua and Barbuda became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations on 1 November 1981.. The constitution allows for a two-chamber legislature, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. Rainfall is slight and there is no groundwater to speak of. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Located in the Leeward Islands Antigua has an area of 281 square kilometres (108 sq mi) with 87 kilometres (54 mi) of coastline. , The twin-island nation's agricultural production is focused on its domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labour shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction work. Geographical and historical treatment of Antigua and Barbuda, islands that form an independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea, at the southern end of the Leeward Islands chain.
In 2006, the United States Congress voted to approve the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act which criminalized the operations of offshore gambling operators which take wagers from American-based gamblers. There are several golf courses in Antigua. Horatio Nelson (who was created 1st Viscount Nelson in 1801) was Senior Naval Officer of the Leeward Islands from 1784 to 1787 on HMS Boreas. The bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (17 members appointed by members of the government and the opposition party, and approved by the Governor-General), and the House of Representatives (17 members elected by first past the post) to serve five-year terms. , Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, This article is about the sovereign country in West Indies. , The first inhabitants were the Guanahatabey people.
The islands are rimmed by reefs and shoals. Many of the words used in the Antiguan dialect are derived from British as well as African languages. The island of Antigua was explored by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and named for the Church of Santa María La Antigua. Redonda, an uninhabited rock, lies 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Antigua. During Antigua Sailing Week, at the end of April and beginning of May, an annual regatta brings a number of sailing vessels and sailors to the island to take part in sporting events. The cane workers went on strike and rioted when their leaders were arrested.
The US Securities and Exchange Commission has accused the Antigua-based Stanford International Bank, owned by Texas billionaire Allen Stanford, of orchestrating a huge fraud which may have bilked investors of some $8 billion. Website by One Bright Space, Nelson's Dockyard National Park Authority, Oakland Rent-A-Car & Taxi Services- Airport, Oakland Rent-A-Car & Taxi Services- Potters. There are also several local and regional radio stations, such as V2C-AM 620, ZDK-AM 1100, VYBZ-FM 92.9, ZDK-FM 97.1, Observer Radio 91.1 FM, DNECA Radio 90.1 FM, Second Advent Radio 101.5 FM, Abundant Life Radio 103.9 FM, Crusader Radio 107.3 FM, Nice FM 104.3. Choose from hotels, real estate, villas & cottages, Try watersports, golf, scuba diving, tours & more, Lime at the bars, dine in the restaurants, take in the entertainment, Get information on the island, medical facilities & other services, Shop for souvenirs, local crafts, art, jewellery, clothes & more, Hire a car, jeep, bicycle or scooter to travel around the island, Public HolidayÂ Â A day of church services for all denominations throughout the island, The âSailing Capital of the Caribbeanâ, Antigua hosts one of the most prestigious sailing regattas in the world. Christopher Columbus, while sailing by in 1493 may have named it Santa Maria la Antigua, after an icon in the Spanish Seville Cathedral. Over 22,000 people live in the capital city, St. John's. official statement", "Antigua Government Set to Launch "Pirate" Website To Punish United States - TorrentFreak", "Antigua & Barbuda Archive Newsletter, Issue No. The Lesser Antilles are home to four species of racers. They enslaved some and cannibalised others.  Cruise ships use the deep water port at St John 's and its international airport serves jumbo jets from around the world. Other leading population settlements are All Saints (3,412) and Liberta (2,239), according to the 2001 census. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Antigua is 650 km southeast of Puerto Rico; Barbuda lies 48 km due north of Antigua, and the uninhabited island of Redonda is 56 km southwest of Antigua. However, according to a Smithsonian Institution article, the West African slave population in the Caribbean also had a high mortality rate, which was compensated by regular imports of very high numbers of new slaves from West and Central Africa. Antigua has hundreds of beaches, from the bustling Pigeon Point to the kitesurfing paradise of Jabberwock Beach. , Antigua Overseas Bank (AOB) was part of the ABI Financial Group and was a licensed bank in Antigua. 10A Pavilion Court
Fleck, Bryan. Among other crops, they cultivated the Antiguan "Black" pineapple. Barbuda, formerly Dulcina, lies 25 miles (40 km) north of Antigua. 15. , Commissioned, 9 August 1956, the Naval Facility (NAVFAC) Antigua was one of the shore terminal stations that were part of the Sound Surveillance System (SOSUS) and the Integrated Undersea Surveillance System (IUSS), which were used to track Soviet submarines. BB15156, ©2020 Skyviews. In 1632, a group of colonists from St. Christopher (St. Kitts) settled the island, braving the fierce Caribs and lack of spring water.  With the breakup of the federation, it became one of the West Indies Associated States in 1967. The culture is predominantly a mixture of West African and British cultural influences. Vivian ("Viv") Richards is one of the most famous Antiguans, who played for, and captained, the West Indies cricket team. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences.
There are also large proportions of Seventh-day Adventists, Pentecostals, Moravians, and Methodists.
Codrington, the only settlement, lies on a lagoon to the west. These groups succumbed easily to disease and/or malnutrition, and died by the thousands. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Part of the Leeward Islands colony, Antigua and Barbuda became part of the short-lived West Indies Federation from 1958 to 1962.  Elizabeth II is the present Queen of Antigua and Barbuda, having served in that position since the islands' independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
Happily, the slave trade was abolished in 1807 and by 1834, all slaves were emancipated. Hurricanes strike on an average of once a year, including the powerful Category 5 Hurricane Irma, on 6 September 2017, which damaged 95% of the structures on Barbuda. MILS was developed and installed by the same entities that had completed the first phase of the Atlantic SOSUS system. — see talk page], followed by the Carib.
The "bearded" of Barbuda is thought to refer either to the male inhabitants of the island, or the bearded fig trees present there. Dependency is simply a title. It is endemic to Antigua and Barbuda. Antigua means "ancient" in Spanish after an icon in Seville Cathedral, "Santa Maria de la Antigua" — St. Mary of the Old Cathedral. Hastings Many hotels and resorts are located around the coastline. It has two tiny satellites â Barbuda and the uninhabited Redonda. Some countries, most notably the United States, argue that if a particular gambling transaction is initiated outside the country of Antigua then that transaction is governed by the laws of the country where the transaction was initiated. The EC dollar is pegged to the US dollar at a varied rate and averages about US$1 = EC$2.7. Sport Fishing is also a very popular sport with several big competitions held yearly.
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